Norway-China collaboration: status and future opportunity 中挪合作新机遇

Updated: Dec 10, 2020

What is the current situation and future opportunities for Norway-China collaboration? From where I'm seeing it, there will be great opportunities for Norwegian green and blue tech companies to enter the Chinese market.


Free Trade Agreement

China has become one of Norway´s most important trade partners outside of Europe. Norway has maintained a good relationship with China since diplomatic relations was normalized at the end of 2016. It has been a priority for Norway to continue work on the free trade deal with China. Despite the challenges we have all faced from the beginning of this year due to the corona pandemic, negotiations on the free trade agreement has continued with some success. The agreement is comprehensive and ambitious, and will potentially lead to better market access in trade and related services, which will in turn contribute to improved economic relations between Norway and China.


In general, European business communities are committed to continuing business with and in the Chinese market, according to The European Business in China Position Paper 2020/2021, and do not plan to redirect investment and business out of China. The willingness for speed-up of negotiations on the EU-China Investment Agreement from both sides also provides a positive signal for greater future opportunities for EU-China cooperation on trade and investment.


Green growth on the top agenda

China has set ambitious climate and environmental targets, aiming to hit peak emissions before 2030 and for carbon neutrality by 2060, President Xi Jinping announced recently. It will demand a low-carbon and sustainable growth model in all sectors, and at all levels. In Beijing, current political debate is focused on the preparation of the 14th five-year plan. In the current draft proposal, green growth has been one of the keywords, mentioned specifically 19 times, while there are no rigid GDP targets for the next five years.


China is intent on boosting international cooperation on environmental and climate issues, aligning with Norwegian international development strategies and planning. Norway wants to promote greater exports and international business development, particularly within the areas of circular and bio economy, in new areas such as hydrogen, offshore wind, and batteries, as stated by the Norwegian government in a recent export action plan. Norway and China will continue to explore these opportunities and strengthen cooperation in green business development.


中挪合作的现状和未来机遇是什么?从目前形势而看,挪威的绿色和蓝色科技公司将有很大的机会进入中国市场。


中挪自由贸易协定

中国已成为挪威在欧洲以外最重要的贸易伙伴之一。自2016年底两国外交关系重新实现正常化后,挪威与中国一直保持着良好的关系。与中国达成自由贸易协定是挪威的优先工作之一。虽然从年初开始面临新冠病毒肺炎的巨大挑战,但有关自由贸易协定的谈判仍在继续,并取得了一些进展。该协议将有可能改善贸易和相关服务的市场准入政策,有助于加强中挪之间的经济贸易关系。


总体而言,根据《欧洲企业在中国建议书2020/2021》,欧洲企业界对中国市场很有信心,将继续在中国开展业务,并不打算将投资和业务转移到中国以外。另外,欧盟和中国领导人都表示愿意加快《中欧投资协定》谈判,这是一个积极的信号。该投资协定将为中欧在贸易和投资方面的合作提供更大的机遇。


绿色增长是首要议程

习近平主席最近宣布,中国制定了雄心勃勃的气候和环境目标,将在2030年之前达到峰值排放,到2060年实现碳中和。这将要求所有部门以及各个层面都推行并实施低碳和可持续增长的模式。目前中国正在积极开展十四五规划的准备工作。在当前的提案草案中,绿色增长一直是一个关键词。


中国致力于促进与环境和气候问题有关的国际合作,这正符合挪威的国际发展战略和规划。挪威政府在最近的国家出口行动计划中表示,挪威希望促进出口和国际业务发展,特别是在循环经济和生物经济,以及新能源领域,比如氢能,海上风能和电池技术。挪威和中国将继续探索这些机会,加强绿色经济发展合作。

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