China and Norway’s Ocean and Climate Collaboration 中挪海洋和气候变化合作前景

Updated: Dec 21, 2020

Global collaboration between nations and international institutions is essential not only for fighting the corona pandemic effectively, but also to facilitate ongoing collaboration on climate change. The EU and China, the two other largest economies, have both expressed a desire to strengthen international cooperation and multilateralism in the post-pandemic era, as well as calling for a green recovery. In June, during the 10th round of high-level strategic dialogue, China and the EU agreed to develop closer ties on a range of issues, such as corona recovery and climate challenges. Some experts believe that a strong EU-China relationship is critical to advance the international climate process.

Norway is highly dependent on open trade and international cooperation. As a small European country, Norway is closely connected to the EU, but has also developed a relatively good relationship with China since the normalization of diplomatic relations in 2016. As the EU and China have already established a platform for ocean cooperation, and considering that Norway and China have common interests and development strategies in ocean governance and sustainability, there exists a great opportunity for Norway and China to develop an ocean partnership, promoting sustainable ocean business, and making significant contributions to a greener global economy and recovery.


In 2018, King Harald and Queen Sonja led a state visit to China. During the visit, the King made a speech: "China and Norway - An Ocean of Opportunities", calling for more green and innovative ocean business cooperation between Norway and China.


I would like to point out three aspects for Norway and China´s cooperation in “Ocean Sustainability and Innovation”, the theme for the World Ocean Day 2020.


Joint R&D in developing innovative solutions and technologies for ocean sustainability

An interesting example was the integration of smart technology into the traditional seafood value chain system. Norwegian in a Box AS is currently cooperating with Vechain, a Shanghai-based, leading block chain technology company, to use ‘block chain as a service’ for transparency in the information flow during seafood production and processing.


Ocean plastic and microplastic pollution could be a key area for joint R&D for ocean sustainability. The Shanghai Academy of Environmental Sciences’ Water Institute has been working on finding solutions to control urban microplastic pollution in the larger Shanghai area. According to the director it remains at an early stage, and requires more work and international cooperation for future development. The international project ‘SINOPLASTE’ is also currently welcoming partners for a joint effort to combat plastic pollution.


Scaling up Norwegian maritime technologies and service solutions for the Chinese market

Norway is a leader in ships fueled by hydrogen, battery, and LNG. The Norwegian green shipping program aims to create the world’s most environmentally friendly fleet and scale up Norwegian green shipping technologies and service solutions for the global green market. China faces domestic environmental and climate challenges and has an ambition to develop its maritime economy and blue industries. In May, the Ministry of Transportation of the PRC issued ‘The Inland River Shipping Development Outline’. Three of the main tasks in the outline is the promotion and application of new and clean energy, promoting environmentally friendly ships, and improving green service system infrastructure in ports. Thus, this could offer a great opportunity for Norway to scale up the green shipping program through exporting these environmental technologies and green transport services to China.


Joint green investment and finance in maritime infrastructure in developing countries

Norway will play a part in developing a sustainable shipping sector for the 21st century”, according to the government´s action plan for green shipping. The green shipping program can create green value in the maritime sector both domestically and internationally, and make a significant contribution to green maritime transport and logistics solutions. The BRI has a vision to build a Maritime Silk Road for the 21st century, connecting Asia, Europe, and Africa through energy and transport infrastructure investments in developing countries. Currently, many developing counties are struggling with the corona crisis, and thus have less political and economic capacity for investment in renewable and clean energy infrastructure. Norway and China could develop a joint green investment and finance initiative focusing on maritime infrastructure development projects in developing countries. This could have significant impacts on the transition to a greener global economy. This would also correspond to both Norwegian and Chinese foreign development policies on ocean management for solving environmental and climate challenges in cooperation with other countries, supporting sustainable growth in the blue economy of developing countries.


Challenges and opportunities

Rhetorically, both the Chinese and Norwegian governments address ocean sustainability, climate, and a green shift during recovery. Cooperation between Norway and China in sustainable ocean business could potentially lead to a significant contribution to the global green recovery and shift. However, challenges and obstacles remain, including a risk of perpetuating the fossil fuel economy. In June, Norway amended the petroleum tax system as part of the government´s recovery package, with the purpose of maintaining and providing for continued investment and activity in the Norwegian petroleum sector. According to the CEO of WWF Norway, “the new tax regime would be likely to keep Norway locked into the oil era longer than under a more neutral tax regime”. In China, restrictions on the construction of new coal-fired power plants have been loosened, with more approvals in March 2020 than in the whole of 2019, and major new areas were opened up for new coal mines.


In the coming months, China will develop its 14th Five Year Plan which will set its top-level energy and climate policy blueprint for 2021-2025. Will China develop a more ambitious and concrete plan for tackling environmental and climate challenges and for implementing a greener economic recovery package? At the Climate Ambition Summit on 12th December, President Xi Jinping announced a series of new stronger commitments of China´s climate targets. This could be an important signal that shows China´s development ambition in tackling climate change and promoting a green recovery to the COVID-19 crisis.


Nordic Green Experiences (NGE) is a Norwegian based consulting company, specializing in facilitating project development for green and blue technology between China and the Nordics. NGE aims to develop better communication and further partnerships between Chinese and Nordic clients, by acting as liaison and advisor in the development of pilot and larger projects targeting the use of green and blue technology in both markets. You are welcome to contact us for more information!



挪威和中国在可持续性海洋业务方面的合作会为全球应对气候变化危机和绿色复苏做出重大贡献。中挪两国政府都致力于海洋的可持续性发展,气候变化治理和疫情后的绿色复苏。在12月12日举行的气候峰会上,中国国家主席习近平宣布了一系列更强有力的应对气候变化的承诺和目标,表明中国在应对全球气候变化和促进疫后绿色复苏方面的雄心和担当。


今年的世界海洋日上,挪威创新署特别在上海举办了一场挪威中国海洋可持续性发展与创新线上研讨会。结合这个研讨会的相关内容,我们认为中挪海洋合作在下面三个方面会有很大发展潜力,可以进行更多的探索:


海洋可持续性发展创新方案和技术研发


治理海洋塑料和微塑料污染是实现海洋可持续性发展的关键。研讨会上,上海环境科学院水研究所主任表示,他们一直在寻找解决方案,以控制上海区域范围内的城市微塑料污染。然而这方面的研究还处于初期阶段,需要更多的国际交流和科研合作。另外,“ SINOPLASTE” 中国项目负责人也表示欢迎更多的国际伙伴加入,共同治理塑料污染。挪威,作为海洋王国,在海洋塑料污染治理方面有很多经验和成果可以借鉴。中国可以加强和挪威在海洋塑料领域方面的科研合作。


另外,挪威和中国在合作探索将智能技术运用到传统海鲜产品价值链中。Norway in a Box AS正在与位于上海的领先区块链技术公司Vechain合作,使用“区块链服务”来确保海鲜产品生产和加工过程中信息的公开和透明。


绿色航运技术和服务解决方案


挪威在以氢,电池和液化天然气为燃料的船舶技术方面处于全球领先地位。"挪威绿色航运计划"旨在建立全球最环保的船队,在全球市场范围内,推广运用挪威绿色航运技术和方案。中国在推动和加强可持续性海洋经济和蓝色产业的发展。 今年5月,中国交通运输部发布了《内河航运发展纲要》,提出促进和应用新能源和清洁能源,促进环保型船舶以及改善港口的绿色服务系统基础设施。这将为挪威向中国出口这些环保技术和绿色航运服务方案提供一个巨大的机会。


共同促进发展中国家海上基础设施建设


中国和挪威都致力于通过国际合作解决环境和气候挑战问题,并且特别关注和支持发展中国家蓝色经济可持续发展。挪威和中国可以制定一项绿色金融计划,重点关注发展中国家的海上基础设施建设发展项目,共同推动"海上丝绸之路"建设的可持续性发展。这可能将会对全球绿色经济发展和转型产生重大影响。


北欧绿色体验 (NGE), 是一家挪威咨询公司,专门从事中国和北欧地区在绿色环境保护,气候变化和可持续发展方面的国际交流,商务发展及项目合作咨询业务。NGE 专注于推广挪威和中国在蓝色经济和绿色创新科技方面的国际项目发展和商务合作。我们致力于为客户提供高质量,专业化,定制性的全方位咨询服务。欢迎联系我们,期待与您的交流和合作!

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