Nordic China Blue Partnership Alliance, as an initiative from Nordic Green Experiences (NGE), aims to promote Nordic Chinese exchanges and project collaboration on green and blue economy for sustainable development, with a particular focus on the relationship between Norway and China.
Under this initiative, we aim to develop events and programs to provide opportunities for bilateral dialogues, business and investment, and engage multiple stakeholders for exchanges and collaborations towards achieving a blue economy and a green future.
Below is a little background on why we do:
Communities around the world are facing the corona crisis, planning or acting to rescue and restore local and international economies. It is important to develop an economic recovery policy consistent with The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and The Paris Agreement, accelerating our transition to a green economy. International cooperation on clean ocean, marine conservation, and blue economy is key to achieving this transition.
The United Nations has proclaimed 2021-2030 a ‘Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development’. The UNEP calls for a ‘Green Economy in a Blue World’ , and the United Nations Sustainable Ocean Business Action Platform has proposed 5 ‘tipping points’ for a healthy and productive ocean by 2030. The OECD has estimated that ocean-based industries could double their contribution to the global economy by 2030, and The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has declared that emissions from international shipping should be reduced by at least 50% by 2050. This will accelerate the growth of international markets for environmental and climate friendly maritime technologies and solutions.
China is leading in many key facets of the global ocean economy (e.g. aquaculture, fishing, and shipping). It sadly also leads in production of marine plastic pollution. In recent years, China has participated more actively in global ocean governance, and in its 13th five-year plan, the Chinese government committed to developing a ‘blue economy’. President Xi, in his letter to the opening of 2019 China Marine Economy Expo, addressed the importance of clean and healthy oceans. He has called for a greater focus on and efforts toward improving marine ecological conservation and biodiversity protection, strengthening emerging marine industries, and accelerating marine tech innovation. He has also emphasized the development of a ‘blue partnership’ between all countries. China has signed an ocean partnership agreement with the EU to improve global ocean governance, with the blue partnership being one of the key strategic platforms for cooperation on climate change and SDGs.
Norway is regarded as a leading ocean nation with advanced experience and expertise in ocean industries. Nearly 70% of Norwegian export earnings come from ocean industries within the oil and gas, maritime, and seafood sectors. The government has ambitions to be a global leader in ocean sustainability and innovation, and the Norwegian shipping industry has set up an emissions reduction target of at least 50% by 2030. In 2018, Prime Minister Solberg established a High-Level Panel with the determination to trigger and accelerate global collective action toward ocean protection and productivity. The government report ‘Blue Opportunities’ from 2019 points to climate change and green shipping as future foci for its ocean strategy. Furthermore, it addresses international cooperation and business relations with emerging markets. The government also plans to improve investment in the developing countries, helping them move toward more sustainable management of marine resources and better protection of marine ecosystems.